B.Pharm

Curriculum Summary - Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm).

Year 1

Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Pharmaceutical Chemistry Prerequisites: None

Pharmaceutical Chemistry is a three credit course offered in first semester of the first year. It is aimed at providing basic principles, concepts, and terminology of chemistry that are essential to understand the biological and medical phenomena. It covers basic physical, inorganic and inorganic chemistry as a foundation for core pharmaceutical chemistry courses. The course involves periodic table, atomic structure, chemical bonds, chemical reactions, acids bases and nomenclature, properties of organic compounds.

(2:1=3) PCH 103
Health Sciences communication in English Prerequisites: None

This course covers the basic skills of the English language that are required at the undergraduate level of studies in medical sciences. It focuses on reading, writing, listening and speaking effectively in English. A comprehensive review of essential syntax and semantics required for medical education is provided.

(3:0=3) ENG 101
Mathematics Prerequisites: None

This is one semester, 3-credit course aimed at providing basic facts, concepts and terminology of mathematics that are essential to understand the applied mathematics used in medical and health sciences. It covers general mathematics, pre-calculus, algebra, calculus with analytic geometry and statistics.

(2:0=2) MAT 101
Health Sciences Communication in Arabic Prerequisites: None

This course aims at teaching Communication Skills in Arabic language. The course focuses on the skills of Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening. The broad goal of this course is to enable the students to have better understanding of Arabic language to communicate with patients and hospital staff in their profession.

(3:0=3) ARB 101
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 Prerequisites: None

Human anatomy and physiology is a three credit course offered in 1st semester of the first year of pharmacy curriculum. The fundamental knowledge on the structure and function of the musculoskeletal, lymphatics, haemopoietic, digestive, cardiovascular and respiratory systems of the human body is imparted from cellular to gross organ level during normal and abnormal body process. Students can apply this knowledge to understand the structural and functional basis of diseases, symptoms, drug effects and treatment. They can also understand the potential developments taking place at the level of structure and functions of normal and diseased body systems. Further, this knowledge becomes a base to understand subsequent part of human anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology subjects framed for the subsequent years of the course which will be achieved through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar and course examinations)

(2:1=3) PHP 113
Islamic Culture and Medicine Prerequisites: None

This course is designed to develop a better understanding of Islamic belief and its application in life, besides focusing on current modern medical and science issues in Islam. The broad goal of this course is to enable the students to have better understanding of Islamic medical issues and appreciation of Islam as a way of life, its impact in the field of medicine, the contribution of Islam to medical in general and to sciences in particular.

(3:0=3) ICM 101
Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Bioinorganic Chemistry Prerequisites: None

Bioinorganic Chemistry is a three credit course offered in the second semester of the first year pharmacy curriculum. This course is designed to provide basic introductory knowledge of inorganic compounds used as gastrointestinal agents, topical agents, dental agents, CNS agents etc.

The content of this course provides the students with basic knowledge which is built on in subsequent semesters.

(2:1=3) PBC 203
Health Sciences Communication in English Prerequisites: None

The Course is need based for professionals in health care. It focuses on the soft skills in the English Language required by the medical professional to interact with patients and their families. At every level it emphasizes on Empathy and Active Listening Skills while interacting with patients, their families as well as their own colleagues. Students are exposed to techniques of communicating in different contexts encountered by a medical professional as well as a whole range of Public Speaking skills including conference presentations.

(3:0=3) ENG 201
Computer Skills Prerequisites: None

The goal of this course is to teach basic computer skills necessary in an academic
environment including, use of the internet and other computer programs for research and data analysis.

(3:0=3) CSK 201
Physical Pharmacy Prerequisites: None

Physical Pharmacy is a three credit course offered in the 3rd semester of the second year pharmacy curriculum. The goal of this course is to provide basic knowledge of physical properties, processes and phenomena of the solid state, liquid and semisolid state and importance of these properties for formulation, production, stability, efficacy and safety of the pharmaceutical products. Lectures will focus on basic characteristics of molecular dispersions–solutions, fine and coarse dispersions, solids and semisolids in order to understand physical processes of solubility and solubilization, stability, osmotic properties, partitioning among different solvents, dissolution and diffusion, surface phenomena, rheological characteristics of different systems, crystal state, polymorphism, amorphous state, crystal hydrates and importance of these processes and properties for the systems in formulation, production, efficacy and stability of the pharmaceutical dosage forms.

(2:1=3) PPP 203
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2 Prerequisites:All courses of previous semester

Human anatomy and physiology is a three credit course offered in the 2nd semester of first year of pharmacy curriculum. The fundamental knowledge on the structure and functions of the urinary, endocrine, reproductive and nervous systems of the human body is imparted from cellular to gross organ level during normal and abnormal body process. Students can apply this knowledge to understand the structural and functional basis of diseases, symptoms, drug effects and treatment. They can also understand the potential developments taking place at the level of structure and functions of normal and diseased body systems. Further, this knowledge becomes a base to understand pathophysiology and pharmacology subjects framed for the subsequent years of the course which will be achieved through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar and course examinations).

(2:1=3) PHP 223
Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Prerequisites:None

In keeping with the emerging proactive role of students of Pharmacy in clinical and organizational settings, it is mandatory to have a deeper understanding of psychological health and well-being, psychological processes underpinning communication, decision making and personality traits. Knowledge of psychological constructs enhances the understanding of human thoughts, emotions and behaviors, as well as social, emotional, cognitive and personality development which aids in interaction with patients as well as with organizational personnel. It thus serves as an integral component for young Pharmacists.

(2:0 =2) PBS 201

Year 2

Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry 1 Prerequisites: None
Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry-I is a three credit course offered in the second semester of the first year of the B.Pharm curriculum. The course goal is to provide the foundation for producing pharmacy graduates who are knowledgeable in the fundamentals organic chemistry. The students will apply this knowledge to course discussion of organic reactions, & physical properties of organic compounds. They will be able to carry out organic reactions. This promotes use of resources such as library, faculty and information technology. The scheduling of course topics is designed to reinforce topics in other chemistry course. The following is illustrative of the educational objectives of this course which will be achieved through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar and course examinations):
(2:1=3) POC 313
Pharmaceutical Microbiology Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

Pharmaceutical Microbiology is a three credit course offered in first semester of the second year in the pharmacy curriculum. The theoretical component is divided into 6 modules. The student is introduced to the bacterial and fungal species that are of importance in pharmacy and medicine. Essentially the course covers their structure, isolation, characterization cultivation and identification. The course also covers the history of microbiology and sterilization and disinfection techniques. Then the course concentrates on the role of microorganisms in the pharmaceutical industry. It also covers introduction to Mycology, Virology, immunology and Parasitology. The principle aim of this course is to provide students with an understanding of microbiology and microbiological concepts as a basis for later work in other subjects within the pharmaceutical and formulation sciences

(2:1=3) PMI 303
Pharmaceutics- Dispensing and General Pharmacy 1 Prerequisites: None
Pharmaceutics – Dispensing & General Pharmacy -1 is a three credit course offered in the first semester of the first year of the B.Pharm curriculum. The course is designed to facilitate student learning in two areas, namely, evolution of pharmaceutical dosage forms and pharmaceutical technology. Lectures and practical classes focus on the methods of formulating pharmaceutical preparations, principles taught there are then used to solve different practical problems, mainly in different formulations The course aims at developing the students ability to plan how to solve a pharmaceutical formulation problem and then go to the laboratory and by following practical instructions resolve the problem and actually formulate a pharmaceutical product such as a syrups, elixirs, rehydration solutions, enemas, gargles, collodions, powders etc.
(2:1=3) PDG 313
Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry 1 Prerequisites: None
Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry-1 is a three credit course offered in first semester of the second year.
The course goal is to provide the foundation in analysis of a drug and to train graduates in the analysis of pharmaceuticals. This course gives knowledge about various types of titrations, for example, acid base titration and redox titration. The content of this course provides the students with basics of titration which is built on in subsequent semesters. Students will learn about neutralization titrations, oxidation: reduction titrations.
(2:1=3) PAC 313
Applied Biochemistry and Clinical Chemistry 1 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.
Applied Bio-chemistry is a three credit course offered First semester of the second year. Applied Bio-chemistry deals with complete understanding of the molecular level of the chemical process associated with living cells, while clinical chemistry deals with the study of chemical aspects of human life in health and illness and also about the application of chemical methods of diagnosis of various abnormalities and principles behind such tests. The course goal is to provide fundamental knowledge of the biochemical bases of normal and abnormal conditions at cellular level. The course topics are so coordinated as to reinforce the topics in anatomy and physiology and also help to understand the mechanism of action of drug substances at cellular level which will be studied in medicinal chemistry.
(2:1=3) PBC 313
Pharmacy Laws Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

Pharmacy Laws is a two credits course offered in the second semester of the second year of pharmacy curriculum. The goal of this course is to provide the foundation for graduate pharmacists, who are knowledgeable in laws relating drugs, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and pharmacy profession. A major aim of this course is to provide the students with knowledge of legal activities related to the pharmacy profession and associated external services and personnel.

(2:0=2) PPL 302
Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters

This course goal is to provide the basic foundation in fundamental organic chemistry. The students will apply this knowledge to course discussions as organic reactions and the physical properties of organic compounds. They will be able to carry organic reactions and test organic compounds. This course promotes use of resources such as library, faculty and information technology. The course topics scheduling is coordinated to prepare students to reinforce topics in other chemistry courses.

(2:1=3) POC 423
Bio Statistics Prerequisites: None

This course provides students with an appreciation of the applications of advanced statistical analytical tools to biotic decision contexts. The course places strong emphasis on the development of a clear theoretical understanding as well as the application of various analytical tools. It also develops students’ abilities to access and critically interpret statistics and evaluate biotic information for managerial decision making.
Use functional knowledge and insight from a management perspective to address cross-disciplinary issues in course administration to develop b solutions
Use analytical problem solving, decision making and critical thinking skills to address decisions.
Evaluate the performance and attitude of the course from various sectors special regards to their response to change.

(2:0=2) BIS 401
Pharmaceutics- Dispensing and General Pharmacy 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters

Pharmaceutics – Dispensing and General Pharmacy – 2 is a three credit course offered in the first semester of the second year of the B.Pharm curriculum. The course is designed to educate students about physical properties and formulation of suspensions, emulsions, suppositories and provide basic knowledge on interactions, heat processes and surgical aids. Lectures and practical classes focus on physic-chemical properties and the methods of formulation of pharmaceutical biphasic preparations, principles taught there are then used to solve different practical problems, mainly in different Formulations. The course aims at developing the student’s ability to plan how to solve a pharmaceutical formulation problem and then go to the laboratory and by applying the theoretical knowledge design and prepare stable suspension, emulsion and suppositories. Each topic at the theory is covered by a particular practical where student can practice and apply his/her knowledge.

(2:1=3) PDG 423
Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry-2 is a three credit course offered in second semester of the second year.
The course goal is to provide student with a strong foundation in pharmaceutical analysis. This course deals with titrations like precipitation, complexometry, non-aqueous, diazotization and gravimetric analysis. The content of this course is to provide students with knowledge about titration types upon which to build subsequent semesters of pharmacy.

(2:1=3) PAC 423
Applied Biochemistry and Clinical Chemistry 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

Applied Biochemistry course in the second semester of the second year deals with complete understanding of the metabolic pathways of proteins and nucleic acids in mammalian cells. This also provides information about the different stages of protein synthesis, DNA replication DNA repair mechanism. Clinical chemistry component deals with the study of chemical tests to determine the functional state of organs systems like liver and kidney. The course topics are so coordinated as to reinforce the topics in anatomy and physiology and also help understanding the mechanism of action of drug substances like antibiotics, anti-infectives and anti-cancer agents at cellular level, which will be studied in medicinal chemistry subject.

(2:1=3) PBC 423
Pharmacy Ethics & Decision Making Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

Pharmacy Ethics and Decision Making is a two credit course offered in the second semester of the third year of pharmacy curriculum. The aim of the course is to make the young pharmacist understand the ethical decision making process in various settings to guard public health. As part of the curriculum, the students are taught about ethical theory, key moral concepts in healthcare, moral reasoning, professionalism, accountability and professional decision making process. The students will also be exposed to worked examples in decision making.

(2:0=2) PED 402

Year 3

Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Instrumental Methods of Analysis Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.
The instrumental method of analysis course is a two credit course offered in the first semester of third year of the pharmacy curriculum. This focuses on the introduction to principles, basic instrumentation and application of modern chromatographic techniques for chemical analysis. The techniques covered include: gas chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography, high performance thin layer chromatography, electrophoresis and electrochemical methods of analysis (conductometry, potentiometry, polarography, amperometry).
(2:0=2) PIB 502
Pharmacology 1 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.
Pharmacology-1 is a three credit course offered in first semester of the third year of the pharmacy curriculum. The fundamental knowledge of general aspects of pharmacology including mechanisms of action, beneficial and adverse effects, as well as of drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system is imparted from the cellular to the gross organ level from the angle of therapeutically used drugs. The use of antiallergic drugs and other autacoids (local hormones) in different allergic diseases and hormonal disorders is understood. Pharmacology-1 provides the student with specific drug related information which makes the pharmacist unique from other health care professionals. Students can apply this knowledge therapeutically while dealing with patients. Further, this course becomes a base to understand the subsequent parts of pharmacology, clinical pharmacy and pharmacotherapeutic subjects. Learning is facilitated through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar, practicals including simulatory experiments and course examinations).
(2:1=3) PCO 513
Pharmaceutical Formulations 1 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters
Pharmaceutical formulation is a three credit course offered in the second semester of the third year pharmacy curriculum. The pharmacist in developing a particular dosage form must pursue many objectives and incorporate safety, efficacy and quality by design. The integrity of the substance must be maintained; the pharmacological activity should be optimized; a uniform and consistent amount of the drug must be dispensed throughout the lifetime of the product; the product must be physically and chemically stable as well as providing efficacy and safety for user acceptance throughout indented shelf life. Immediate release dosage forms and modified release per oral dosage forms formulation, their production, efficacy and safety will be presented, discussed and evaluated. Successful completion of these objectives requires information on the practical aspects of the formulations.
(2:1=3) PPF 513
Clinical Pharmacy Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

The main goal of the course is to prepare the student to understand the professional roles of clinical pharmacist. During the course, the students are taught about the importance of ward round participation, collecting medication history to monitor the drug therapy by analyzing the lab profiles of the patient, provision of un biased drug information to the prescribers and counseling of patients. The educational objectives of this course will be achieved through interactive learning, assignments, seminars and the course examinations.

(2:1=3) PCL 503
Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.
This course is designed to provide students with the basic understanding of the principles of biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics that can be applied to both drug product development and effective drug therapy. This course deals with factors affecting the drug absorption, rate processes of drug disposition, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs as well as the application on bioavailability and bioequivalence. In addition, the course will discuss the pharmacokinetics of drug disposition following one, two, multiple and non-linear pharmacokinetics models. Calculation of disposition parameters of the drugs using the different models for different route of administration and for both single and multiple dosage regimen models will be covered to assess therapeutics dosage adjustment
(2:1=3) PBK 503
Pharmacognosy & Phytochemistry Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

Pharmacognosy and phytochemistry are combined to offer a three credit course in the second semester of the second year of pharmacy curriculum. The aim of the course is to help the student understand, nomenclature, taxonomy, monograph and quality control. Method of extraction,characterization, detection of active ingredients in medicinal plants will also be taught. Pharmacologically active compounds from natural origin, secondary metabolite as glycosides, phenolic, terpenoidal compound and alkaloids will be covered. Learning is facilitated through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning, small group sessions, case based learning, problem based learning & seminar. Assessment is done through assignments, Quizzes, Theory and practical examinations.

(2:1=3) PCG 503
Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Spectroscopy Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

The spectroscopy course is a three credit course offered in the second semester of third year of the pharmacy curriculum. This focuses on various modern instruments used for the isolation, separation, identification, quantitative and qualitative determination of drug in different dosage forms with special reference to quality control and quality assurance. This course is designed to impart quality consciousness among the students so they will be able to produce quality pharmaceuticals by applying the principle of quality assurance.

(2:1=3) PSP 603
Pharmacology 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

Pharmacology-2 is taught in the second semester of the third year of pharmacy curriculum.
They can also understand the potential developments in this area for newly developed drugs administered to treat the patients with disorders/diseases.
The fundamental knowledge of drugs acting on cardiovascular system, renal system, respiratory system and drugs affecting blood is imparted from the cellular to the gross organ level from the angle of therapeutically used drugs. Students can apply this knowledge therapeutically while dealing with patients suffering of the diseases/disorders of nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory and blood system.
Students can also understand potential developments in the area of newly developed drugs administered to treat the patients with disorders/diseases, whereby, preclinical and clinical studies, bioassay, quantitative estimation of drugs in biological media, radio immunoassay and elisa are taught. In addition, toxicology and management of poisoning caused by drugs/chemicals is also given. Further, this knowledge becomes a base to understand the subsequent parts of pharmacology, clinical pharmacy and pharmacotherapeutic subjects framed for the subsequent years of the course. This is thought through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar and course examinations).

(2:0=2) PCO 622
Pharmaceutical Formulations 2 Prerequisites:All courses of previous semesters.

This course covers the principles involved in formulation of sterile products including different parental and ophthalmic preparations; their advantages & disadvantages formulation, quality control tests and various sterilization procedures. The course also includes the fundamentals of nuclear pharmacy, radiopharmaceuticals compounding, stability prediction, packaging as well as uses and applications of radiopharmaceuticals as a diagnostic and therapeutic agents. This knowledge will help the students to apply formulation principles and skills in rational design of sterile dosage forms and a be aware of the nuclear pharmacy practice guidelines that maintain quality of radiopharmaceuticals, safety of coworkers and environments and provides pharmaceutical care to patient with optimal outcome

(2:1=3) PPF 623
Pharmacotherapeutics 1 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

Therapeutics-1 is a three credit course offered in the first semester of the third year of pharmacy curriculum. The aims of the course are to develop the necessary professional skills in the student for the drug therapy Management of different diseases related to cardiovascular, respiratory and hematological system drug therapy Management of ophthalmological diseases. The basic objective is to teach the students how to resolve drug related problems and to suggest alternative options for disease Management. This knowledge helps the students to apply therapeutic skills and rational selection of drugs in the Management of diseases.

(2:1=3) PTH 613
Community Pharmacy Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

The aim of the course is to enable the student to: effectively manage a community pharmacy through proper layout and design of the pharmacy; effective inventory control to ensure business profitability; pharmaceutical care concept; patient counseling and its influence on patient medication adherence; and importance of health screening services in drug therapy Management. Dispensing of drugs, responding to minor ailments by providing suitable safe medication, patient counseling, health screening services for improved patient care in the community set up will also be included

(2:1=3) PCP 603
Pharmaceutical Marketing & Management Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

The course goal is to provide an insight into the Management aspects applicable to pharmaceutical operations and marketing. Every sphere of human activity requires management. The profession of pharmacy is no exception to this golden rule. The pharmacy graduates must have firsthand knowledge of management principles and marketing for judicious utilization of resources of the organization in which they will work to fulfill its goals and objectives. In a fast changing scenario, the pharmacy profession will witness a sea-change in the field of pharmaceutical manufacture and marketing. The induction of new technology and management procedures will demand pharma graduates with management skills. The quality of the products have to be international conforming to the WHO – GMP and ISO specifications. Management principles related to pharmacy practice, leadership qualities and team building, pharmaceutical operations, marketing, accounting and forecasting will also be discussed..

(2:0=2) PMM602
Hospital Pharmacy Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

Hospital Pharmacy is a one credit course offered in the first semester of final year the pharmacy curriculum. The main goal of the course is to prepare the student to understand the professional roles of hospital pharmacist and delegate the same diligently to provide effective services to the clinicians and patients. The students are taught about various hospital pharmacy services such as drug dispensing, distribution, patient counseling and drug therapy monitoring for improved patient care

(1:0=1) PHP 601

Year 4

Course Name

Course Description

C. Hrs

Code

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 1 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.
Pharmaceutical biotechnology-I is a three-credit course offered in the second semester of the third year of the pharmacy curriculum. The course goal is to provide the knowledge of fermentation technology, recombinant DNA technology (rDNA technology), animal tissue culture, blood products, glandular products, enzyme biotechnology and the materials needed for the construction of the manufacturing plant. The recent developments & application of biotechnology in the drug synthesis have produced wonder drugs especially in replacement therapy, hormonal products & immunological products. The principles and application of biotechnology in the pharmaceuticals will be dealt in this course. Opportunity will be provided for the students to integrate the knowledge of pharmaceutical biotechnology along with medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and phamacognosy and pharmacy practice. The learning process is consistent with the educational objectives of this course. These include interactive lecture sessions, mock sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case studies, assignments, problem-based learning (PBL), discussions, seminars and course examination).
(2:1=3) PBT 712
Pharmacotherapeutics 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

Therapeutics-2 is a three-credit course offered in the second semester of the third year of the pharmacy curriculum. The course aims to prepare the students for professional skills necessary for drug therapy Management of different diseases, such as gastrointestinal, renal, dermatology, endocrinology and musculoskeletal disorders. The basic objective is to teach the students how to resolve drug related problems and to suggest alternative options for disease Management. This knowledge helps the students to apply the therapeutic skills and rational selection of drugs in the Management of diseases

(2:1=3) PTH 723
Medicinal Chemistry 1 Prerequisites:All courses of previous semester.
Medicinal Chemistry is a three credit course offered in first semester of the third year. The medicinal chemistry course deals with the chemical basis of drug action. It also provides information about the structural requirements of drugs to exhibit the biological activity. The course is designed to provide knowledge of drug metabolism, physico-chemical properties and their relationship with the drug action, structure activity relationships. The topics give detailed information of drugs acting on different organ systems like the central nervous system, autonomic nervous system, cardiovascular system etc. The topics discussed here will reinforce the topics in anatomy and physiology, biochemistry organic chemistry and pharmacology. A sound knowledge of these subjects will help the understanding at the medicinal chemistry course.
(2:1=3) PMC 713
Practice School (Community) Prerequisites:All courses of previous semester.
This training will help students to gain knowledge and skills from pharmacists about drug purchase, storage, dispensing against prescriptions, OTC drugs, record keeping and documentation of drugs sold, patient counseling and health education.
(0:5=5) PPS 715
Industrial Pharmacy Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

This course is concerned with scientific and technological aspects of the design and manufacturing of stable, safe and efficacious dosage forms. Drugs have to be converted in to palatable, acceptable dosage forms. This conversion is possible only when compatible additives are created. The course is designed to give the learner an insight in to those scientific and physicochemical principles that are important to formulation scientists. Principles of various unit operations such as drying, mixing, size reduction and evaporation are taught. For these purpose GMP, GCP and GLP principles during the development and production of different types of pharmaceutical products and qualification and validation procedures for sterile and nonsterile dosage forms will be discussed in details. Student will be introduced to all aspects of Quality assurance system as crucial approach for implementation and maintenance of safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products.

(2:1=3) PIP 703
Research Methodology The Course is designed to assist the students to acquire an understanding of the research methodology as a basis for identifying research problem, planning and implementing a research plan. It will further enable the students to critique research studies and recognize the value of utilizing research findings to improve quality of medical and health science practices, education and Management. (2:0=2) PRM 702
Pharmacology 3 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semesters.

Pharmacology-3 is scheduled in the first semester of the fourth year of pharmacy curriculum. The course content covers fundamental knowledge of the pharmacology of drugs acting on the gastrointestinal system, central nervous system, inflammatory disorders and endocrine system. Students can apply this knowledge therapeutically while dealing with patients suffering of diseases related to these systems. Further, this course becomes a base to understand the subsequent parts of pharmacology, clinical pharmacy and pharmacotherapeutic subjects. Learning is facilitated through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar and course examinations).

(2:0=2) PCO 723
Practices School Industry The training is intended for the students to gain knowledge and skills from experts of industries about manufacturing of various dosage forms in large scale, raw material purchase, storage and inventory management. They will also get involved in Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP), validation protocol, quality control, marketing strategies and international regulatory affairs. (0:5=5) PPS 716
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Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 2 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

Pharmaceutical biotechnology-II is a three-credit course offered in the second semester of the fourth year of the pharmacy curriculum. The course goal is to provide the knowledge of fermentation technology, recombinant DNA technology (DNA technology), animal tissue culture, blood products, glandular products, enzyme biotechnology and the materials needed for the construction of the manufacturing plant. The recent developments & application of biotechnology in the drug synthesis have produced wonder drugs especially in replacement therapy, hormonal products & immunological products.

The principles and application of biotechnology in the pharmaceuticals will be dealt in this course. Opportunity will be provided for the students to integrate the knowledge of pharmaceutical biotechnology along with medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, phamacognosy and pharmacy practice. The learning process is consistent with the educational objectives of this course. These include interactive lecture sessions, mock sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case studies, assignments, problem-based learning (PBL), discussions, seminars and course examination).

(2:0=2) PBT 823
Pharmacotherapeutics 3 Prerequisites: All courses of previous semester.

This course provides basic instruction of the principles of Pathophysiology and pharmacotherapeutic considerations in the care of patients with Psychiatric disorders such as Anxiety and affective disorders, Schizophrenia. Neurologic disorders covered include epilepsy, pain management, headache, Parkinson’s disease and stroke. The infectious diseases covered include those of the central nervous system, upper and lower respiratory tract, infective endocarditis, tuberculosis, urinary tract and others. The laboratory test and the drug of choice for these infections are also covered. Therefore, the students will be able to propose rational pharmacotherapeutic decisions and discuss relevant patient case management issues in practice. Learning is facilitated through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning and seminars).

(2:1=3) PTH 833
Medicinal Chemistry 2 Prerequisites:All courses of previous semester.

The medicinal chemistry course deals with the chemical basis of drug action. It also provides information about the structural requirements of drugs to exhibit biological activity. The course is designed to provide knowledge effect of substituents on physico-chemical properties of drug molecules and their relationship with drug action. The topics also give detailed information of design and development, chemical classification, chemical structures and mechanism of action of the chemeotherapeutic agents such as antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antifungal, antiviral, antimycobacterials and anticancer agents. The topics discussed here will reinforce the topics of anatomy and physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology and organic chemistry. A sound knowledge of these subjects will help understanding medicinal chemistry with less difficulty.

(2:0=2) PMC 822
Cosmetics Cosmetics is a three credit course offered in the second semester of the fourth year of the B.Pharm curriculum (8th semester). The course is designed to provide the students with the knowledge of the science and technology of cosmetic and personal care products. Theoretical lectures will focus on the cosmetic ingredients, active substances in cosmetic products, cosmetic product formulation and technology. Cosmetic GMP standards and requirements for optimal and sustainable quality control and management will be also covered as the quality and safety of these products used in our daily routine is essential for human safety. Drug delivery systems in cosmetology like liposomes, microspheres and nanospheres for delivery of cosmetic agents will be also discussed from the point of research and development of cosmetology and cosmetic industry. Practical class work will focus on preparation and quality control of different biphasic systems (creams and lotions) like cleansing, moisturizing, protective, all purpose creams, skin tonics and gels, preparations for protection and cleansing of the oral cavity and teeth, preparations for UV protection. The final goal of the course is development of knowledge and understanding of cosmetic products and the raw materials which compose them, formulation and technology of production, quality control and quality assurance in cosmetics. (2:1=3) PCS 803
Pharmacology 4 Prerequisites:All courses of previous semesters.

Pharmacology-4 is a three credit course in the second semester of the fourth year of pharmacy curriculum. The course contents cover fundamental knowledge on the pharmacology of drugs acting on central nervous system and drugs administered to treat bacterial, viral, parasites and fungal infections including cancer disease. In addition, knowledge on the pharmacology of immunological agents is given. Students can apply this knowledge therapeutically while dealing with patients suffering of diseases related to these systems. Further, this course becomes a base to understand the subsequent parts of pharmacology, clinical pharmacy and pharmacotherapeutic subjects. Learning is facilitated through interactive lecture sessions, self-directed learning (small group sessions, case based learning, assignments, problem based learning, seminar and course examinations).

(2:1=3) PCO 843
Practice School Hospital To gain knowledge and skills from clinicians and pharmacists about common disease conditions and their Management with drugs, clinical data and interpretation. It will also help the students to understand drug purchase, storage, distribution to wards, emergency purchase and record keeping. Students will also participate in the development of essential drug list, hospital formulary immunization and other health care programmes. Students will learn patient counseling, drug information services and ADR reporting and monitoring (0:5=5) PPS 816