Pre-Clerkship Curriculum

Pre-Clerkship Curriculum

Pre-clerkship courses:(I & II Year-Semester I to IV)

Integrated modular curriculum of applied basic sciences has been proven to be more effective than other conventional methods such as Discipline based curriculum and hence it is introduced in the academic year 2013-14.

Goal

Students will learn and acquire an integrated knowledge of organ evolution, structure and functions and the regulatory mechanism of the human body in the management of health and disease.

Module

Integrated Teaching is made up of ‘Modules’. A Module is the smallest unit of curriculum. Each module is based upon organ-system/s of the body and/or processes. In each module, the basic and clinical sciences will be taught in an integrated manner.

Design

The curriculum design has been structured in the following manner:

 

  • The first year courses consist of four modules viz. Foundation Module, Hematology & Immunology module, Musculoskeletal & Integumentary module and Cardiovascular System module.
  • The second year courses consist of five modules viz Respiratory system module, Endocrinology module, Gastrointestinal System & Nutrition module, Genitourinary System module , Neurology & Behavioral Science Module.

 

Each of the ‘Module’ has been explicitly designed to contain the following:

 

  • Title/theme of the module
  • Learning Outcomes [General]
  • Teaching Schedule [Weekly, along with Specific Learning Outcomes]
  • Credit Hours
  • List of Recommended resource materials

Over View

Semester I

Semester II

Foundation Module Musculo skeletal & Integumentary module
Hematology, Immunology & Genetics Cardiovascular system module
* Clinical skills * Clinical skills
* Clinical skills is a separate course and not modular.
Semester III

Semester IV

Respiratory system module, Genitourinary System & Endocrinology Module
Gastrointestinal System & Nutrition module,
Neurology & Behavioral Science module
Clinical skills Clinical skills
* Clinical Decision Making

*Clinical Decision Making is a separate course (non-modular) which starts in II year (Semester IV) and continues up to V year (Semester X)
The General Education courses will be covered in the pre-clerkship program in the first two years.

The third, fourth and fifth years are an immersion in clinical medicine and primary and specialty care in outpatient and inpatient settings. Emphasis is placed on core medical specialties with opportunities for electives. During the fourth and fifth years, a student will have the choice of doing research along with other faculty.

Curriculum

Course Name

Course Description

Code

Foundation Module This module provides first-year medical students with basic knowledge of the principles underlying the practice of medicine. These principles are to support the study of the human body in health and disease and prepare the students for system based learning in subsequent modules. These basic principles are Anatomical, Biochemical &Physiological aspects of health, as well as the principles of Pathophysiology, Microbiology and Pharmacology in diseased states. Clinical skills are also introduced in this module.
Clinical relevance is emphasized throughout the module which will enhance the student’s understanding, retention and application of critical basic sciences concepts.
It also teaches to differentiate between normal and abnormal tissues, pathogens and diagnostic tests and relate their diagnostic importance in future clinical practice.
It emphasizes performing appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and demonstrates a professional attitude, team building spirit and good communication skills through effective participation in cooperative problem solving, especially in small group exercises directed towards understanding the basic science basis of the disease and diagnosis.
MFM 118
Hematology, Immunology & Genetics This module starts with basics of genetics related to human growth and development, highlights the molecular basis of genetic disorders, prevalent all over the world and gulf countries in particular.
This module builds upon origin and differentiation of hematopoietic cells. It highlights the morphology and function of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets along with biochemical and pathological mechanisms associated with different types of hematological diseases. It also covers interpretation of laboratory investigations, therapeutic uses of hematopoietic drugs and fibrinolytic inhibitors.
It emphasizes the different components of the immune system, the fundamentals of immunologic tissue injury and the mechanisms underlying the disorders of the immune system. Immune response to bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic infections and pharmacological basis of using antihistamines, Immunosuppressants and antivirals drugs in immunological diseases are discussed.
It also covers the teaching of appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and Interpreting patient laboratory data and obtaining an accurate and comprehensive history – both for diagnosing disease and understanding the patient’s experience of illness.
MHI 119
Musculoskeletal & Integumentary Module This module consists of the study of musculoskeletal & Integumentary systems during Health and disease conditions. The teaching will be for 4-5 weeks duration. The methodology adopted for this module apart from didactic lectures will be case based learning, and Team based learning. The laboratory exercises include demonstration of prosected/dissected cadaveric specimens from upper limb regions and lower limb regions. The study of the module includes the pathological conditions of muscles, bones, joints, and skin and breast tissue. The microbiological conditions associated with the systems are also taught. The module will be covering the study of drugs involved in various abnormal conditions of the musculoskeletal & Integumentary systems. The Imaging studies and forensic medicine topics are also included wherever necessary.The co-requisite is the clinical skills training in examination of musculoskeletal and integumentary systems; the students will learn how to examine a case of musculoskeletal system during health and accidents. MMS 118
Cardiovascular System Module Cardiovascular system module commences with an account of the anatomy of heart with regard to its development, gross features, nerve supply, blood supply and surface anatomy. Subsequently normal physiology of cardiac output, venous return, blood pressure and their regulation; the physiological basis for hemodynamics and cardiac cycle; the regulation of the coronary circulation and the role of microcirculation and physiological basis of edema; electrophysiology of the heart, physiological basis for normal and abnormal ECG should be studied in appropriate weeks. Similarly, the biochemical importance of lipids and lipoproteins in relation to atherosclerosis; the pathogenesis, pathological features, clinical manifestations and complications of common cardiovascular diseases should be studied. The module concludes with an outline on principles of management of common cardiovascular disorders including the classification, mechanism of action, pharmacological effects, relevant pharmacokinetics, important adverse drug reactions, indications and contraindications of drugs used in cardiovascular disorders. This knowledge would be a basis for the diagnosis, prevention and the treatment of hypertension, arrhythmias, ischemic heart disease, valvular heart diseases and deep vein thrombosis. MCV 118
Course Name

Course Description

Code

Respiratory System Module This module focuses on the normal anatomy, physiology and molecular mechanisms of the respiratory system also explores the underlying etiopathogenesis and micro-organisms involved in common respiratory diseases. It also covers the interpretation of laboratory data and imaging into the assessment of a patient with a respiratory disorder along with the goals of therapy of the various common respiratory disorders based on the underlying pathophysiological condition.
It teaches performing appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and taking appropriate histories from simulated patients and Interpreting patient laboratory data and relating the importance of basic sciences in future clinical practice. the basic science basis of the disease and diagnosis.
MRS 215
Gastro Intestinal system & Nutrition Module The Gastrointestinal module focuses on development of Foregut, midgut and hindgut & associated Congenital anomalies. It also covers the gross anatomical features, etiopathogenesis of common gastrointestinal tract diseases, including the hepatobiliary system. This module emphasizes the molecular and cellular pathology, laboratory findings, and principles of therapeutics and relevant pharmacokinetics, therapeutic indications for treatment of Gastro intestinal system and hepatic, disorders. This module explains how nutrition impacts the metabolic pathways and their coordination by the endocrine systems, emphasizing its contribution to maintaining good health and to conditions such as obesity, cardiopulmonary diseases, and defects in the endocrine system.
It also emphasizes on teaching the appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and Interpreting patient laboratory data and relating the diagnostic importance of basic sciences in future clinical practice.
MGN 218
Genitourinary System and Endocrine Module This module covers the development, gross & microscopic structure functions and etiopathogenesis of genitourinary, male and female reproductive systems. Cases are used throughout the course to support student integration of content into a unified approach to the patient. Biochemical basis of the functioning of excretory system and its relation to acid base disorders and microbial aspects of veneral and non veneral diseases of male and female genital tract and the goals of therapy of the various genitourinary disorders based on the underlying pathophysiological conditions are covered.
It also covers normal and abnormal development and physiology of the female reproductive systems from embryologic development through menopause including pubertal development also address physiology of normal pregnancy, and disorders of reproductive endocrinology and infertility.
It also emphasizes on teaching the appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and Interpreting patient laboratory data and relating the diagnostic importance of basic sciences in future clinical practice.
This module also focuses on Structure, development, histological features, biochemical and physiological functions of various endocrine glands along with relevant clinical correlates. This module also covers the use of hormones & drugs in the diagnosis and treatment of various endocrine disorders such as diabetes mellitus, growth and pubertal development, endocrine and hormonal causes of hypertension, pancreas, parathyroid, thyroid, adrenal and neuroendocrine disorders. It also emphasizes on teaching the appropriate medical procedures with the help of mannequins and Interpreting patient laboratory data and relating the diagnostic importance of basic sciences in future clinical practice.
MGE 2113
Neurology & Behavioral Sciences Module This course integrates the basic sciences into a study of neuroscience and behavior in both health and disease states. Each of the basic science topics is incorporated into an integrated body of knowledge covering neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurological correlation, neuropharmacology, neuropathology, microbiology, human behavior, biochemistry and the medico legal aspects. During the course the outline of the normal anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of the brain, spinal cord and special senses will be covered. Lectures will also discuss the various micro-organisms involved in the infectious diseases of nervous system and special senses.
Students will be explained the alteration of normal physiology that occurs in common neurological and special senses disorders and goals of therapy of the various neurological and special senses disorders based on the underlying pathophysiological condition. This module will also cover the normal human psychological processes and its clinical application.
MCS 231 & 241
Clinical Skills History taking skills and physical examination of different systems and practice of common skills using mannequins. MNB 219
Clinical Decision Making Introduction to clinical decision making and Evidence based medicine. The fundamental concepts of measurement and description of scientific data – various types of research studies, architecture and analysis of research. Basics of Medical ethics is also included MCD 211